Physicists and astronomers
U-VVan de Graaff, Robert
American physicist – invented the Van de Graaff
generatorVan der Waals, Johannes
Equation for real
gases. Nobel Prize in 1910 for his work on the movement of molecules within
French mathematician and soldier.
Designed calipers for the measurement of small lengths to an accuracy of around 0.1
mm.Volta, Count Alessandro
Born in Como, Italy.
Developed the voltaic pile – the forerunner of the modern battery in 1800. The electric unit
the volt is named after himVon Braun, Wernher
rocket scientist. The 'father' of all modern liquid fuel rockets.Von Guericke, Otto
A German physicist. Air pump. First to carry out the Magdeburg
hemispheres experiment (1657). Inventor of the first electrical machine in 1660, a sulphur
globe some 20 cm in diameter that could give off sparks when rubbed.Von
Showed that X rays could be diffracted by a crystal (1912).
He was awarded the Nobel Prize for this work in 1914.